Feb 4, 2010

The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

The Situation

 
You’re the Fleet Admiral of the Navy in World War I. Your ships are being sunk at an alarming rate by the devastatingly effective German U-Boat. The traditional camouflage isn’t working because your environment (sea and sky) changes with the weather. What do you do?

 

german u bat wwi The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

This is the German U-Boat Sinking your Battleships

 

The Insight

 
It’s not where you are it’s where you’re going

World War I occurred from 1914–1918; back then sinking an enemy battleship was a three-step process:

Step 1: Locate your target’s position and plot its course.
Step 2: Determine the ship’s speed and confirm the direction it is heading
Step 3: Launch torpedo not directly at the ship, but where you think it’s going to be by the time the torpedo reaches the ship.

*Remember this is early 20th century warfare, weapons don’t travel at the speed they do today

So what’s your solution Fleet Admiral?
 
HIT THEM WITH THE RAZZLE DAZZLE
 
Forget about not being seen, that only solves their first problem. Focus on confusing them so they don’t know where you’re going. Then their torpedoes will be shot in vain because they thought you zigged when you really zagged.

British Artist and naval officer Norman Wilkinson had this very insight and pioneered the Dazzle Camouflage movement (known as Razzle Dazzle in the United States). Norman used bright, loud colours and contrasting diagonal stripes to make it incredibly difficult to gauge a ship’s size and direction.

It was cheap, effective, and widely-adopted during the War. Check out the incredible photographs below.

*NOTE: Unfortunately the images are in black and white, being from the early 1900s and all, so the loud, bold colours will require a little imagination. Can you picture a fleet of electric yellow, orange and purple ships coming to get ya!

 

 

normal wilkinson inventor of dazzle camouflage The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

The Father of Dazzle Camouflage Norman Wilkinson

 

ww i dazzle painting camouflage The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

wwi razzle dazzle ship The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

zebra striped camouflage The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

world war one camouflage The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

world war 1 dazzle camouflage The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

razzle dazzle paintjob The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

razzle dazzle painting The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

war clover dazzle camo sketch The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

war clover dazzle camo actual The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

war clover dazzle camo render The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

To give you an idea of colour, here’s a sketch, actual and render

 

razzle dazzle camouflage The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

razzle dazzle boat The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

example of dazzle camouflage ship The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

razzle dazzle camouflage sketch The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

dazzle painting ship The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

dazzle painting a boat The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

dazzle camouflage sketches The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

dazzle camouflage ship The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

dazzle camouflage boat The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

cubism razzle dazzle camouflage painting The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

crazy camouflage paint job The History of Razzle Dazzle Camouflage

 

As sonar and radar technology improved, the once effective dazzle camouflage was rendered obsolete. By WWII the dazzle camouflage was an afterthought. Thankfully contemporary artists like Jeff Koons have kept the style alive with outrageous boats like this:

 

jeff-koons-razzle-dazzle-boat

Photograph by monacoeye.com

 

 

SOURCES

– Information: http://gotouring.com/razzledazzle/articles/dazzle.html
– Information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dazzle_camouflage
– Photographs: http://www.history.navy.mil/branches/nhcorg11.htm

 

 

 

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