Feb 27, 2012

10 Incredible Melanistic (All Black) Animals

black panther jaguar leopard melanistic big cat 2 10 Incredible Melanistic (All Black) Animals

Photograph by Cburnett on Wikipedia

 

Melanism is an undue development of dark-colored pigment in the skin or its appendages and is the opposite of albinism. The word ‘melanism’ is deduced from a Greek word that means black pigment. Pseudo-melanism, also called abundism, is another variant of pigmentation, characterized by dark spots or enlarged stripes, which cover a large part of the body of the animal making it appear melanistic.

Melanism related to the process of adaptation is called adaptive. Most commonly, dark individuals become fitter to survive and reproduce in their environment as they are better camouflaged. This makes some species less conspicuous to predators, while others such as black panthers use it as a foraging advantage during night hunting. Typically adaptive melanism is heritable: A dominant gene, which is entirely or nearly entirely expressed in the phenotype is responsible for the excessive amount of melanin. Adaptive melanism has been shown to occur in a variety of animals, including mammals such as squirrels, many felines and canids, and coral snakes. [Source: Wikipedia]

Below you will find a fascinating gallery of ten melanistic (all black) animals. If you know of other melanistic animals, please post in the comments below!

 

1. Melanistic Big Cats aka Black Panthers

 

black leopard panther jaguar melanistic big cat 10 Incredible Melanistic (All Black) Animals

Photograph via bencowtastic on Imgur

A black panther is typically a melanistic color variant of any of several species of larger cat. Wild black panthers in Latin America are black jaguars (Panthera onca), in Asia and Africa they are black leopards (Panthera pardus), and in North America they may be black jaguars or possibly black cougars (Puma concolor – although this has not been proven to have a black variant), or smaller cats. [Source: Wikipedia]

 

2. Melanistic (all black) Ratsnake

 

melanistic black dione ratsnake 10 Incredible Melanistic (All Black) Animals

 

3. Melanistic (Black) Fawn

 

melanistic black fawn 10 Incredible Melanistic (All Black) Animals

 

4. Melanistic (Black) Wolf

 

melanistic black wolf 10 Incredible Melanistic (All Black) Animals

Photograph via bencowtastic on Imgur

 

5. Melanistic (Black) King Penguin

 

melanistic black king emperor penguin 10 Incredible Melanistic (All Black) Animals

 

6. Melanistic (Black) Zebra

 

melanistic black zebra 10 Incredible Melanistic (All Black) Animals

Photograph via bencowtastic on Imgur

 

7. Melanistic (Black) Red Fox

 

Silver Fox

 

8. Melanistic (Black) Eastern Blue Tongue Lizards

 

melanistic black lizard 10 Incredible Melanistic (All Black) Animals

 

9. Melanistic (Black) Seal

 

melanistic black seal 10 Incredible Melanistic (All Black) Animals

Photograph via bencowtastic on Imgur

 

10. Melanistic Eastern Grey Squirrel (Black Squirrel)

 

melanistic black squirrel 10 Incredible Melanistic (All Black) Animals

Photograph by JaGa on Wikipedia

 

 

 

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